Glossary of Terms

A jury verdict that a criminal defendant is not guilty, or the finding of a judge that the evidence is insufficient to support a conviction.

A term used to describe evidence that may be considered by a jury or judge in civil and criminal cases.

A written or printed statement made under oath.

A legal procedure that declares a marriage is null from its inception.  Unlike divorce, the effect of declaring a marriage void is retroactive, meaning that the marriage was void at the time it was entered into.  An annulment is only granted with a showing of grounds, such as incest or insanity.

A request made after a trial by a party that has lost on one or more issues that a higher court review the decision to determine if it was correct. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the "appellant;" the other party is the "appellee."